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April 24, 2009

This Day in History: Easter Rebellion begins

Filed under: Entertainment — hypeplug @ 6:34 pm

April 24: General Interest
1916 : Easter Rebellion begins

On this day in 1916, on Easter Monday in Dublin, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, a secret organization of Irish nationalists led by Patrick Pearse, launches the so-called Easter Rebellion, an armed uprising against British rule. Assisted by militant Irish socialists under James Connolly, Pearse and his fellow Republicans rioted and attacked British provincial government headquarters across Dublin and seized the Irish capital’s General Post Office. Following these successes, they proclaimed the independence of Ireland, which had been under the repressive thumb of the United Kingdom for centuries, and by the next morning were in control of much of the city. Later that day, however, British authorities launched a counteroffensive, and by April 29 the uprising had been crushed. Nevertheless, the Easter Rebellion is considered a significant marker on the road to establishing an independent Irish republic.

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April 24: General Interest
1916 : Easter Rebellion begins

On this day in 1916, on Easter Monday in Dublin, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, a secret organization of Irish nationalists led by Patrick Pearse, launches the so-called Easter Rebellion, an armed uprising against British rule. Assisted by militant Irish socialists under James Connolly, Pearse and his fellow Republicans rioted and attacked British provincial government headquarters across Dublin and seized the Irish capital’s General Post Office. Following these successes, they proclaimed the independence of Ireland, which had been under the repressive thumb of the United Kingdom for centuries, and by the next morning were in control of much of the city. Later that day, however, British authorities launched a counteroffensive, and by April 29 the uprising had been crushed. Nevertheless, the Easter Rebellion is considered a significant marker on the road to establishing an independent Irish republic.

Following the uprising, Pearse and 14 other nationalist leaders were executed for their participation and held up as martyrs by many in Ireland. There was little love lost among most Irish people for the British, who had enacted a series of harsh anti-Catholic restrictions, the Penal Laws, in the 18th century, and then let 1.5 million Irish starve during the Potato Famine of 1845-1848. Armed protest continued after the Easter Rebellion and in 1921, 26 of Ireland’s 32 counties won independence with the declaration of the Irish Free State. The Free State became an independent republic in 1949. However, six northeastern counties of the Emerald Isle remained part of the United Kingdom, prompting some nationalists to reorganize themselves into the Irish Republican Army (IRA) to continue their struggle for full Irish independence.

In the late 1960s, influenced in part by the U.S. civil rights movement, Catholics in Northern Ireland, long discriminated against by British policies that favored Irish Protestants, advocated for justice. Civil unrest broke out between Catholics and Protestants in the region and the violence escalated as the pro-Catholic IRA battled British troops. An ongoing series of terrorist bombings and attacks ensued in a drawn-out conflict that came to be known as “The Troubles.” Peace talks eventually took place throughout the mid- to late 1990s, but a permanent end to the violence remained elusive. Finally, in July 2005, the IRA announced its members would give up all their weapons and pursue the group’s objectives solely through peaceful means. By the fall of 2006, the Independent Monitoring Commission reported that the IRA’s military campaign to end British rule was over.

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General Interest
1916 : Easter Rebellion begins
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihVideoCategory&id=4947
1800 : Library of Congress established
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=4946
1953 : Churchill knighted
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=6877
1980 : Hostage rescue mission ends in disaster
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=4948

American Revolution
1781 : Battle of Petersburg begins
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=473

Automotive
1908 : DePalma debuts
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=7391
1995 : Last ZR-1 is produced
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=7392

Civil War
1862 : Union Admiral David Farragut leads a flotilla
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=2184
1863 : General Orders No. 100 issued
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=2183

Cold War
1955 : The Bandung Conference concludes
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=2647

Crime
1922 : Forensic evidence is introduced in Australia
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=982

Disaster
1908 : Tornado flattens towns in Louisiana and Mississippi
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=413

Entertainment
1936 : First unscheduled television event
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=3206
1942 : Ingrid Bergman signs on for Casablanca
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=3205
1962 : First coast-to-coast satellite telecast
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=3207
1974 : Bud Abbot dies
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=3208

Literary
1940 : Sue Grafton is born
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id= 3949

Old West
1947 : Author Willa Cather dies
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=4499

Presidential
1945 : Truman is briefed on Manhattan Project
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=505

Sports
1976 : Penguins defeat Capitals in marathon hockey game
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=57544

Vietnam War
1967 : Westmoreland makes controversial remarks
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=1803
1971 : North Vietnamese attack South Vietnamese installations
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=1804

World War I
1916 : The Easter Rising begins in Dublin
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=442

World War II
1876 : Erich Raeder, commander in chief of the German navy, is born on this day
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=6432
1940 : Britain begins its evacuation of Greece in Operation Demon
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=6431

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