Hypeplug.com

April 28, 2009

THIS DAY IN HISTORY

Filed under: Entertainment — hypeplug @ 3:34 pm

History.com

April 28: General Interest
1945 : Benito Mussolini executed

On this day in 1945, “Il Duce,” Benito Mussolini, and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are shot by Italian partisans who had captured the couple as they attempted to flee to Switzerland.

The 61-year-old deposed former dictator of Italy was established by his German allies as the figurehead of a puppet government in northern Italy during the German occupation toward the close of the war. As the Allies fought their way up the Italian peninsula, defeat of the Axis powers all but certain, Mussolini considered his options. Not wanting to fall into the hands of either the British or the Americans, and knowing that the communist partisans, who had been fighting the remnants of roving Italian fascist soldiers and thugs in the north, would try him as a war criminal, he settled on escape to a neutral country.

He and his mistress made it to the Swiss border, only to discover that the guards had crossed over to the partisan side. Knowing they would not let him pass, he disguised himself in a Luftwaffe coat and helmet, hoping to slip into Austria with some German soldiers. His subterfuge proved incompetent, and he and Petacci were discovered by partisans and shot, their bodies then transported by truck to Milan, where they were hung upside down and displayed publicly for revilement by the masses.

General Interest
1945 : Benito Mussolini executed
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihVideoCategory&id=6436
1789 : Mutiny on the HMS Bounty
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=6881
1969 : De Gaulle resigns as leader of France
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=4955
1977 : Red Army Faction trial ends
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=4956
1996 : Port Arthur Massacre in Australia
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=4957

American Revolution
1776
: Colonel McIntosh writes to Washington
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=477

Automotive
1903 : Ten more join ALAM
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=7398
1939 : Crosley produces first “bantam”
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=7399

Civil War
1810 : Daniel Ullmann born
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=2190

Cold War
1965 : U.S. troops land in the Dominican Republic
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=2651

Crime
1955 : A murder in the mountains
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=986

Disaster
1995 : Gas pipe explodes in South Korea
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=417

Entertainment
1937 : The Museum of Costume Arts opens
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=3219
1958 : “Witch Doctor” hits No. 1
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=3220
1990 : A Chorus Line closes
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=3218

Literary
1925 : T.S. Eliot accepts a job at Faber and Faber publishers
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=3953

Old West
1897 : Chickasaw and Choctaw abandon communal lands
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=4503

Presidential
1758 : President Monroe is born
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=509

Sports
1967 : Muhammad Ali refuses Army induction
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=57548

Vietnam War
1970 : Nixon approves Cambodian incursion
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=1811
1972 : North Vietnamese press South Vietnamese at Hue and Kontum
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=1812

World War I
1915 : International Congress of Women opens at The Hague
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=446

World War II
1945 : Mussolini is executed
http://www.history.com/tdih.do?action=tdihArticleCategory&id=54053

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